Deserts in the MENA (Middle East and North Africa) region will play a key role as locations for generating affordable and sustainable solar and wind power; similarly, the excellent offshore wind sites in Northern Europe will also make a central contribution. The backbone of such a power system is the extension of a high-voltage transmission grid that will cross international borders and ensure that electricity can be transported from the point of generation to the consumer.
The massive expansion of renewable energy and the relevant transmission grid structure will provide sustainable and secure power to the MENA region, which is facing significant growth in population size and power demand. Europe will benefit from cheaper, cleaner electricity that will facilitate the transition to a renewables-based power system. Besides promoting economic growth and leading to new areas for cooperation between Europe and MENA, power from the desert also offers solutions to the most pressing issues of our time: fossil fuel dependency and climate change.